Jinotega , Nicaragua
January 27 , 2011
Ernesto Somarriba: Photography
Paul Katzeff :Text
The Harvest in Nicaragua as in most of Central America and Mexico will be over in about a month. From November to March, depending on Latitude and altitude, the harvest continues as the cherries ripen . Unlike grapes that ripen all at once, coffee cherries ripen over a 3 month period on each tree. Thus , the farmer must return many times to the same tree to complete his/her harvest.
The first two photos show two very different coffee farmers. The first is a campacino who might be just a landless picker w0rking on a plantation and getting about $3-4 dollars a day picking cherries. The second appears to be a small scale coffee farmer working his own land and obviously, he is allot better off then the first guy. Who is happier and living a more spiritual life is unknown.
Animal power is much more personal then relating to an auto engine but there is a price to pay and that price is paid in time(things move more slowly), in work(it’s harder on the back) and in the amount of land a farmer needs to set aside for pasture. But the rewards come from the fact that you are in a vehicle powered by the sun that produces waste product that feed the coffee trees. The next photo I can almost smell from here. Sweet fruit and crushed skins after the coffee has been depulped and is off to the washing troths and fermentation tanks. It is a messy job to clean up but in the tropics , which is a bacteria and yeast rich environment , cleanliness is more then essential. This is a motor driven machine capable of removing the skins and pulp from 100,000 lbs of cherries in a harvest season.
The pulp is either a problem (Pollutes the rivers) or a gift to the land (Mulch) . I hope we are looking at a farmer who is seeing that red biomass as the gift that it is, (Pulp is 80% of the weight of the cherry. It takes five pounds of cherries to produce one pound of dry green coffee beans. In this next picture, the cherry pulp and skins are all red, which means that this farmer harvested only ripe cherries. His coffee will be sweet, with good acidity and flavor (if altitude, latitude, and farm practices were good too) We will receive our Nicaraguan coffees in June. For now they are “en reposa” or at rest in the warehouses at the various farmer cooperatives we purchase from. Raw coffees need about 60 days to mellow and have the 12 % moisture even itself out throughout the sacks so that roasting will produce an even color later on when we get our chance to be artisans in the roasting room.
Paul Katzeff : Text
Ernesto Somarriba : Photography
A new years message from Ernesto Somarriba
Jinotega , Jan.1, 2011
When the old year was gone maybe you were happy because another year was coming. At that moment you were with the ones who you love and when the 2010 ended you problebly gave them a tight hug and kiss and celebrated with them.
If you were a person who felt sastified because you had completed all your goals for the last year, I think that you were feeling more confortable.
It is very commun that when a new year is starting, you plan to reach those goals that you didn’t get to achieve in the previous year, or to plan your new goals for this year. I think that almost everybody does the same thing all over the world.
At the same time you wonder if this year will be a good or a bad for you. But it is true that most of the people feel and think positive and some time it doesn’t depend on you.
Here in Nicaragua the people do the same thing,we plan what to do for the well being of our family and ourselves. For that reason the people who don’t have work, they look for it; others who have a work; they look for another one better in order to get better incomes to support their family; others who have the possibility to study at the university in order to become a profesional, they go there; some others who don’t have a house, they look for it; other Nicaraguans who came back from United States, Spain, Costa Rica and another countries for the Christmas Holidays and New Year’s vacation, they went back to those countries because they don’t have any choice. They have to continue supporting their families here in Nicaragua.
It is sad that you see that some families have to be separated again because that’s their destiny.
But what can I say, that is the way it is, and I think that the same situation happens in the rest of the world as well.
This year will be very important for the Nicaraguans because in this year we will have the Presidential election and the history is the same . The Sandinistas against the Liberales. Daniel Ortega will nominate himself again. He wants to continue being the Nicaraguan president ,and the liberals, they don’t have a clear candidate yet because all of them want to become a president. There is a guy whose name is Favio Gadea Mantilla. He wants to be nominated for President for the liberales but he won’t get enough votes from the leaders of the liberal party. There is another guy, his name is Eduardo Montealegre. He also wants to become President. This guy lost the last election against Daniel. I think that this guy intends to hold together the liberal party but he is deviding it. I think that in this moment Daniel Ortega is taking advantage of this situation, but anyway, that’s their problem. I only can say that the person who will be the next president of Nicaragua has to do the right things for the well being of the Nicaraguan population and for the well being of this country.
Well the old year is gone, the good food, the drinks and parties are gone, and some members of your famly are gone too.So we don’t have to continue thinking about that any more. We have to start working now in order to complete our goals from last year or to reach those goals that we aim for this year because only like that will we feel sastified again at the end of this year,
The only advice that I can give you is to work hard and don’t wait for someone else to help you to reach those goals. Good Luck in 2011.
HAPPY NEW YEAR from Nicaragua !
When you sit down in a bar, restaurant or cafe and maybe you ask for a cup of coffee and then perhaps, wait for about five minutes and your cup of coffee appears with the waitress. You start sipping and maybe you are speaking with someone . You finish your coffee and pay the $2.00 dollars or maybe more, and then you leave without knowing what was behind that cup of beautiful flavor.
Well the whole cycle of the coffee process from the coffee tree to the cup that you have in your hands with the best quality of body, aroma,color and flavor is quite dependent on people .
Now I’m going to speak about the coffee picker.
They are a very important part of this coffee cycle process, because a coffee picking machine invented has not yet been invented for mountainside coffee . For this reason you have to pick the coffee by hand. Most of the lands that are used for the coffee production are mountainous , not flat.
The days work starts very early (4:00AM ) every day of the harvesting season and y finishes around 5:00PM .
Some of this people have many years doing this beatiful labor, we can say that they are artisians because the way they pick the coffee is an art. They are very careful, they don’t want to damage the coffee tree or even the cherry.
I went to a farm and I spoke with some of them, I asked some questions and now I want to share with you the anwers that they gave me.
I asked, how much coffee one person can pick at day?
They said from 80 pound to 120 pound of cherry.
I asked how much money the earn at day?
they said a litte bit than $5.00 dollars per day.
I also asked what is the most difficult part of the picking?
they said that there are two. The first one is when the weather . Itis very cold in the morning. (about 8 or 9 celcius) , They said that is hard to pick the coffee because their fingers are so cold and it doen’t matter if they use gloves. And the other is when the land where the coffee plantation is, has huges slopes which means that they have to climb, and if they don’t take care, they fall and roll down causing injuries, and also, they said that some time they get snake bit.
I also asked them why do they do this kind of work?
I had many answers. One of them was because it is the only thing that they know how to do. Other anwers were, ” because our family has been doing this for generations”, and another anwer was because they like to do it. Tis next picture shows the terrain that a coffee picker works on. Pretty steep !
The life of the coffee pickers is very hard, hope next time you sit to drink a cup of coffee think about this and you may enjoy your coffee more, knowing that you are supporting the people who are making sure the coffee in your cup tastes as good as it smells.
Reporting from Jinotega
By Ernesto Somarriba
December 15, 2010
December 7th of each year, we have a big religious celebration all around the country. You may say what is it about?, Well we have our national patrona, the imagine of La Inmaculada Concepcion de Maria (virgin Marry), it is like in Mexico, they have La Virgen De Guadalupe.
The imagine of Inmaculada Concepcion de Maria, the National Pratrona of Nicaragua
Pilgrims praying and adoring our national patrona in the church
Most Nicaraguan’s are Catholic and we decided to adopt Maria as our national patrona (Patron Saint). This tradition is more than two centuries old. At that time ( two centuries ago), El volcan Cerro Negro that is located in front of Malpaisillo, (it is a municipio of el departamento de Leon, 90 kilometer from Managua going to th norht west side of Nicaragua) was having a big eruption and it was threating to destroy Malpaisillo and all Leon City. There wasn’t anything the people could do at that moment, except to run for their life. But in the town of Malpalsillo there was a Catholic priest as there is in every single town or city in this country. This preast decided to climb the volcano with the imagine of Virgin Marry and others catholic pilgrims. They were climbing and singing songs about the Virgin Marry. Some time later, the eruption stopped, the land didn’t shake anymore ,and there wasn’t any smoke coming out of the crater. The people of at that moment thought that it was a maricle from the Virgen because they had shown their faith to her.
After this maricle from The Virgin, the tradition started as giving thanks to her. Almost every Nicaraguan Catholic home celebrates this date. How do we do it? By singing and giving presents such as candies, cofites, nacatamales, limones dulces, well all kind of things , to those who come to our home singing with us.
The people are getting their present
It it is big parade bacause you can see a lot of people in the street singing in front of every single house that has the imagine of La Inmaculada Conception de Maria outside.
performing songs about Marry
Also you can see some musicians going around performing songs about Marry. When the people arrive to your house, they shout, ¿QUIEN CAUSA TANTA ALEGRIA? and you have to answer LA CONCEPCION DE MARIA and the people start singing and after they finish singing you have to give them a present.
One day before the celebration (Dicember 6th) people from all around Nicaragua come to visit La Vasilaca del Viejo in order to pray and to ask for personal favors from the Virgin Marry. La Vasilica de El Viejo is the house of the imagie of La Inmaculada Concepcion de Maria, also the Vasilica has the same name.
This is la vasilica Inmaculada Concepsion De Maria en El Viejo Chinandega.
The tradition continues when after the all singing and praying, the people sit around their table and eat Gallina Rellena, At what time this happen? it is almost middle night!
Here in Nicaragua we have a lot of faith to virgin Marry because of the favors that she has done for us. That’s what the people say if you ask them.
QUE VIVA LA VIRGEN!
December 7, 2010
By Ernesto Somarriba
These are part of the students who graduated from High School this year. Some of them are going to continue studying at the university, other will find a work and continue studying during the weekends,some others will only work, and in the worst of the cases, they will leave the country because they won’t find any oportunity here in Nicaragua.
Here in Nicaragua most of the people don’t have enough opportunity, but we still don’t give up the fight. In this picture you will see some teenager that just graduated from high school. They have a lot of dreams, some of them will reach that dream, but most of them, they won’t.
Here is the best student of The San Luis Beltran School. He graduated from high school few days ago. He wanted to share with us some of his thoughts.
“Hello everyone, I’m a teenager that had born 17 years ago and I want to share with you some of my dreams
how will be my future in my life.My future in my life will be the whole goals that I want to reach, I know that I have to fight for them and it won’t be easy, because here we have a lot of competition with very few opportunities, I know very well about that, but still I want to try.
In this moment my main goal is to pass the test to get into the university because I want to be some day a professional, I want to work some day and after that I want to support my mother because she deserve that, in this moment my mother doesn’t live with me, she had to leave the country because she wasn’t able to find a job here,she didn’t have money to feed myself and to pay my school, for this reason she left to Spain 5 years ago.
In this moment I live with my grandmother and my two brothers.
I want to study medicine at the UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL AUTOMONA DE NICARAGUA, that means that I have to study very hard.In this moment a feel happy because I had done my high school, but at the same time I feel sad because I have been in this school for five years I made a lot of friends and I realy had good time with them, now I know that all of them will take different way and maybe some of them I won’t see again, but at the same time I have to understand that this is life.
I had left part of my life in this school, but what can I say I’m growing and I have to start another part of my life.
I hope that I have left my name carved in some hearts and specially in my friends.
Now I have to remember the advices of my teachers, I now that it will help me a lot for my next goal.
I want my dreams to come true, for this reason I feel ready.
STUDYING FOR EXAMS
Introducing…THE NEXT GENERATION
I asked Ernesto to do a report on hometown food. Here is what it looks like to a Nicaraguan behind the camera. This is Part one in a four part series on the daily way food is bought , sold and consumed in this mountain city.
Slice of Life #1:
Meat is a very important complement for the nicaraguan diet. We say that if you don’t have a piece of meat in your lunch, it is like you don’t eat. In the Nicaraguan diet it is very important also, to have at the table, rice, beans and tortillas. These are the principal foods on our table every day. You may say that it is boreing to eat the same thing every day, but we are accustom to it and also, the meat preparation is different for every day. One day you can have rice, beans meat with patotoes, another day the meat is combined with carrots, etc. but there is one problem that we have right now. There are alot of people that don’t have access to eat a piece of meat. Also in these days, the beans are very expensives, because the rainy season was very strong and it damaged more thatn the 60% of the beans production., For thius reason to eat beans now a day it is becoming a luxury.
Slice of life #2
Here you can see some of the most important products in the Nicaraguan diet as beans and rice.This is the way as the vendor shows their products to the buyer, if the buyers like, they buy it.
Slice of Life #3 STREET VENDORS
****************** End Part I*******************
November 7, 2010
This is the central market here in Chinandega every morning a lot of people come to sale their product and some other to buy, the salers start arriving to the market very early morning in order to be prepared until the customs come, it is good idea if you want to buy something from the market, to wake up very early morning because you are able to select the better products for you family also if you do this you can get the product in a cheaper prices. it is very interesting to see the saler arriving from their small farms with products as corn,vegetables,oranges, beans, rice, etc, they are always hope to have a very good days, they expect to sale the whole products that they offer and after that to go back home with some money and continuing supprting their famlily, most of them come from a very large famlily, well of couse, this is the tradition here in Nicaragua to have a huge family.
This market was built 58 years ago, at the beginnig it was yet only a large field. the people use to come to sale and buy, but it was really hard for the people, because the market didn’t give good conditions to the saler and buyer, because they did’t have roof, no water, and also every thing was in totally desorder, the meat section was beside the clothing section or the sea food section was mixed with the shoes section, etc. so that mean that it was an unhealthy place to buy, but in 1977 it changed, the municipal mayor decided to built the market with roof and walls and intruduced the water and the light services.
After the market was built they ordered every section and then market was becoming a good place to buy with health conditions. If you come her to buy, now is better because the qualities have impruved.
November 4, 2010
Editors Note: I have been editing Ernesto’s English in his previous blogs to make it easier to read. Ernesto iis a self taught English speaker and writer. Much of his English is written using Spanish grammatical rules. I have decided to let his writing retain its flavor . He is improving with each entry. Let’s watch together as he improves. If you want to communicate with him directly, his e mail address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
This is my beatiful mother, her name is Juana Antonia Ordonez, She is 52 years old, she gave me birth when she was 17, she was still a teenager when that happened.
Juana Antonia Ordonez,
My mother is a special person, she is a wonderful woman.
My mother is a person who really believe in God, she goes to church every Sunday and pray for the world and for her family every day, she has a lot of faith in God, some time I think that she is a fanatic, but she isn’t, she is yet like that, and that’s it, she was the one who had shown me that there is a God living in everywhere and she says that he is always watching my acts, for that reason she told me that I have to be a good man and to follow Gad’s commanments, because at the end of this life, there will be another life better waiting for me if I do the wright things.
I remenber that when I was a kid, my mother was the first who taught me to read, every afternoon, she put me in her legs and with a lot of patient she introduced me the alphabet, letter by letter, then little by little I was learning, my mother never hit me or even shouted me if I din’t read correctly. She always told me well done Ernesto, that’s the way it is, she did that in order to make me feel confidence and then she said next time you will do it better, you yet only have to keep practicing hard.
My mother always told me that I have to study, she told me that she never couldn’t go to school because she had to work, her mother my grand mother was a sigle mother with six kids, my mother is one of the oldest, for that reason she had to work, in order to support her mother and brothers, she started working when she was 8 years old, she went to the streets to sell clothes, she said that she didn’t do a lot of money, but a least they had bread on the table every day, so she never had time for study, she was alway very busy selling clothes, she said that she didn’t have a normal life as the others kids, instead to play she had to work.
My mother told us how much she suffered and she said that she never wanted the same life for us, she said that she learned to read by herself, for that reason she always was worried for our education, therfore she taught us to read.
My mother gave bith 4 kids accounting me, she always has shown us a lot of love to all of us without preference, well she still is doing that.
When I go to visit her, she always give me advice and a lot of food, some time she doesn’t have food, but she figure out what to give me, she said that she still look at me as a baby, I don’t like when she said that, but anyway I have to understand that she is my mother, but one thing that I like from her is that she cooks very delicious, my sister wants to emitate her, but she can’t, no body know her secret yet.
When I look to my mother, I see in her eyes about how much she loves my dad, they have been married for 36 years, but they are in love as the fisrt day.
My mother, when she wakes up every morning, the first thing that she does is to pray, then she show a big smle and she keeps that smile all day long, so when you look at her, she make you to feel confortable.
My mom helped to my dad to teach us good principles in order to become good persons.
I always thank to life bacause the mother that I have, she is very special. I feel lucky to have that woman as a mother. she is a very good person,she always is avalable to help others persons, if some one as a favor to her, she never says no, she likes to be helping others persons, I don’t know where she get that energy to do that?.
I yet only have to say that my mother is a wonderful person and I feel proud of her.
Sept 16, 20010
In our childhood, we learned that September is the month of Nicaragua independence, In this month we celebrate our independence from Spain. In every school around the country, we have to tell to the students that this month is very special, because finally Nicaragua became a Republic. The students have to know about the men and women that made this possible.
In this photo you are able to watch the students wearing nicaraguan traditinal dresses, it show one of our custum, women had to wear long dress, this tradition has aroud 300 years
The month is very important because on September 12 of 1502, Nicaragua was discovered by Christopholo Colombus in his forth trip to America. Also in September 15 of 1821, Nicaragua got its independence from Spain with the rest of Central America countries and Mexico.
In Septermber of 1856, it was a battle on San Jacinto Farm (close to Managua), this is a special day because the GRINGOS were kicked out of the country and for this reason, the National war was over.
When all these historical acts happened, there were a lot of good people that were killed. These persons offered their lives because they loved this country. Now we recognized them as a National Heros.
In this fhoto you can see the students marching with the Central America Flags, the students are selected because they have the best grades of each school: During the parade each school do the same, the student who carries the flag, need to be a good student
In 1995 under the government of Violeta Barrios de Chamorro was a commment that the first Monday of each September in each school of the country, the students have to study the National Politic Constitution (Natinal Comenments).
During the 14 and 15 of September, we have parades in every town of this country, the students of every school go out to march with colorful costumes or traditional dresses. The population goes out to the street to watch the parade. In every house we put a Nicaraguan flag in the door or window. No matter where, but the point is that every body can see the flag. That makes ourselves feel proud of our nationality.
We also have fireworks
In our flag you are able to see a shield. This shield is a triangle. This means that every Nicaraguan has the same rights. Also in the triangle you can find a rainbow. It means peace. There are also five volcanos that represent every country of Central America We have a National anthem which was written by Salomon Ibarra Mayorga. This was a famous national musician from Chinandega. It is one of the most beautiful Anthums in ar the world. It speaks about the liberty and the peace that we wanted to have some day.
It is very important that every Nicaraguan, man or woman, no matter who, needs to know about this historical fact, because that makes us to love this country more an more every day ,and also this makes us to understand that we have to work together, no matter if you are sandinista or liberal or you are a member of others political party. But our big challenge with this land that gave us our life is that we need to develop this country in order to have in the future a better life.
FELICES FIESTAS PATRIAS
By Ernesto Somarriba
July 28, 2010
In 1979 the FSLN [ Frente Sandinista de Liberacion Nacional) kicked out of power and the country Anastacio Somoza.
Somoza was a dictator that did a lot of damage to this country. The FSLN was a good choice at that moment. There were a lot of Nicaraguan’s that were recruited into the FSLN forces in order to fight against Somoza. El frente recruited more and more people until they had enough strength, and then they decided to go into the cities to fight against La Guardia Nacional. I was only 5 years at that moment, but I still have some tips in my memory about what happened, I remember that we stayed inside the house for many days.
My dad was risking his life every time he went out to look for food.
When the FSLN won the war, everybody was happy because the dictator ran away from the country. I remember that the people came out of their houses celebrating and waving the Sandistas and Nicaraguan flags. Everybody thought that it was the time to change for good. The people were thinking that Daniel Ortega, Humberto Ortega, Thomas Borges, etc, were the best choice to lead this country. Then the war started again, but this time was against LOS CONTRAS. This war lasted for ten years and the people during this decade started living a nightmare.
The CONTRAS were financed by the United States of America under the Ronald Reagan administration.
I remember that it was very hard for all of us, even for me, It didn’t matter if I was yet only a kid.
Because in this war , Sandinistas against CONTRAS, there wasn’t any choice for the young people. Some of the farmers were conscripted by the CONTRAS and others for the EJERCITO POPULAR SANDINISTA.
One of my uncles was killed in this war, I remember my grand mother suffering a lot, with tears in her eyes. there were a lot of young people leaving the country. Some of them left to other Central American countries and most of them left to the UNITED STATES.
During this war more that 10,000 people died but the worst part was that they were killing among Nicaraguans.
THe revolution was good at the moment, but then It turned into a blackout, there were a lot of people suffering.
Daniel and his government at the beginning was worried about the poor people, he was for free education, free health care, sport, etc. He was worried for nicaraguan population, but then he started getting sick for the power. Now a day, we have free education, but it doesnt work, because the children dont have books, shoes, clothes or , food in order to go to school. We have a free health care system, but it doent matter because in any hospitals, you are able to find a pill, you have to buy it at private drugstores.
Daniel speaks about Socialism, but how can he speak about it when he is capitalist. He speaks about poorness, when he is getting more rich everyday. Now he is the owner of the most important companies here in Nicaragua.
Yesterday we celebrated one more anaversary of the revolution, but for what?, Was it worth it?
it is to bad that a lot of heros gave their life in vain. The presidential election will come next year and Daniel will try to do everything he can, in order to stay in the power.
The only thing that we can do is to keep our hope and pray, well we¨ll see what happens.
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